Everything You Need to Know About Alcohol: How Long It Stays in Your System
Do you know how long liquor can take in your system? Several studies show that the depressant has a brief life span in the body of a human being, courtesy of the liver, which breaks it down. It metabolizes at the rate of 20 milligrams per deciliter per hour. Here you will learn factors that affect the metabolism process of breaking down liquor. It is contrary to the notion that you can increase the rate of absorption by sleeping or drinking more water.
The Process of Metabolism
Liquor passes through the digestive system without passing through significant digestion processes like food. The absorption starts in the upper gastrointestinal tract. The small intestines’ inner lining and stomach can absorb the liquor into the bloodstream, carried around the body and the brain.
The absorption rate is slower when there is food in the stomach since the food can absorb the liquor, and in turn, it won’t come into contact with the stomach walls. Food also slows liquor from reaching the duodenum and results in a much slower absorption rate. The absorption rate is highest in the duodenum, resulting in more alcohol getting into the bloodstream.
Equally important, the liquor content will wear off depending on the rate at which your body processes the drink and the amount you will take. After your body gets into the blood, the transport is very fast to every part of your body. The alcohol impacts different parts of the body, but it is eventually drained into the liver for breakdown. The liver is most impacted and damaged by liquor since it does the most work in liquor processing.
Liquor is processed mainly by two enzymes found in the liver. The enzymes break down ethyl, a substance that makes the liquor Acetaldehyde, which is also broken down further to a substance that is not harmful to the body. The first enzyme responsible for the breakdown process is the dehydrogenase which is also present on the stomach walls. The enzyme is found on lightest or social drinkers who don’t take too much liquor, and the concentration is not saturated. The enzyme dehydrogenase converts alcohol to energy.
Another enzyme is known as Cytochrome P450 2E1. It is mostly active in the livers of very heavy or chronic drinkers. It has to get energy from the body for it to be able to break down liquor. Therefore, heavy drinkers lose more energy as this process occurs in the body.
There is another essential enzyme found in the cells throughout the body known as catalase. It only metabolizes minimal amounts of liquor. As the process reaches the brain, other substances are formed, and they are still under research if they are the sources of alcoholism. Being addicted to alcohol or only a social drinker is still a controversial study that is under investigation.
Factors Influencing Liquor Processing
Metabolisms of liquor in the body take place at a constant rate. The effects of alcohol are felt differently by people according to some factors explained in detail below. Here, we will look at the reasons blood liquor concentrations fluctuate between people.
Older people will experience more extended hours of feeling drunk since the liquor content stays more in their bodies. The drink stays longer in the liver then goes slowly into the bloodstream, taking a long time. The older person experiences more intoxication and a higher risk of damage to the liver.
As people age, the amount of water dramatically reduces in the body, leading to high liquor concentration when they take it. If the older person is on medication, this will affect the liver functioning to break down the liquor fast. Liquor is processed very slow and will last a long time in the body.
Men and women differ in physiology leading to differences in the metabolism rate. In women, the metabolic rate is reduced and slower than in men making women have liquor content more in their body. Women have more fat than men; hence a man and woman with similar height and weight will be different in that the content in the man dilutes faster.
Hormones also affect how the metabolic rate is carried out in the body. Before menstruation, women have a higher rate of liquor concentration in their blood. Therefore, a man will have less concentration and lose the drink content faster than in woman.
When you have food in your stomach or eat a meal as you drink, it significantly affects breaking down the liquor’s metabolic rate. Food is essential to dilute the drink and slow the drink’s entry into the bloodstream in the stomach and the duodenum. Compared to someone with an empty stomach, liquor is absorbed three times faster than when you have food in your stomach. It would be best to eat meals or snacks during drinking to slow your body’s absorption rate.
The body size and composition have significant effects on the processing of liquor in the body. Why? Some people have low water-fatty tissue, while others have high water-muscle tissue. The latter absorbs more alcohol making the process very fast. Those who have more muscles but have very short height will have a higher processing rate than those taller with similar muscle composition.
Some medications alter the metabolism rate by interacting with liquor differently. If you are on medication, it will affect how the body processes liquor. Apart from the direct alteration, medicine can also slow the stomach emptying, the small intestine, and the liver. The alcohol will be rapidly absorbed into the body.
Monitoring Liquor Intake
How much is too much liquor? It can be very daunting to monitor the liquor intake as intended, or some people have false notions about the intake of liquor. It is crucial to know when you are drunk to avoid being on the driver’s seat to feel the liquor’s effects.
Liquor can stick a very long time in your body than the ordinary knowledge people have on it. Know how much alcohol will take in your body before you engage in drinking—learning the correct information about how your body is affected by liquor can save your life.
How Long Will Do You Take to Sober Up?
Intoxication always appears differently from one person to another, according to the factors explained above. If you drink liquor in excess, you will also have a different reaction from drinking moderately. When you start feeling better after some time, it does not mean the alcohol is out of your system. It can still be triggered and affect you as someone who is just starting to drink.
Here is a breakdown of how liquor will remain in your system.
- Blood: takes around 6 hours
- Breath: 12-24 hours
- Saliva: 12-24 hours
- Urine: 12-24 hours
- Hair: 90 days
|90 Days||12-24 days||6 hours||12-24 hours|
It is a severe matter that you should know about. Liquor overdose leads to poisoning that can be tragic to human life. It happens when there are high amounts of liquor in the body system, leading to the slowing down of critical body organs such as the heart and liver. In turn, you can significantly get a low heart rate that shuts down your essential body functioning.
Overdose increases in the following chart:
BAC, in full, is blood liquor concentration that is the amount of liquor that is present on a given ounce of blood in the system.
- 0.6% – 0.15% BAC: At this point, functions that get moderately affected are speech, memory, attention, and coordination. Don’t drive at this level.
- 16% – 0.30% BAC: significant effects on speech, memory, balance, reaction time, and coordination Judgment is significantly impaired, and it will be tragic to drive. Effects of drowsiness, vomiting, and loss of consciousness can happen.
- 31% – 0.45% BAC: life-threatening overdose and can lead to death from reduced breathing, heart rate, and alteration of body temperature.
Here are the symptoms you may experience when your body starts to feel extreme effects of the liquor.
- Clammy skin
- Pale or bluish skin color
- Low body temperature
- Slow heart rate
- Slowed or irregular breathing
- Profound mental confusion
- Loss of consciousness
The risk of overdose happens after taking around four drinks in a short period, like 2 hours for a woman or taking five drinks in 2 hours for a man. The liver is greatly affected when you take too much liquor in a short period.
Mixing liquor is also another massive cause of poisoning. Some of the medications you should avoid when you drink are painkillers, sleep medications, and anti-anxiety drugs. The drugs are known to suppress breathing and will intensify if mixed with liquor.
The rate at which liquor stays in your body depends on several factors. It would be best to moderate the intake so that you stay safe and avoid poisoning. It would be best to restrict drinking by taking a few bottles in a week and be at a party of sober people when drinking away from home. Never drink and drive. It does not matter the amount you take any time you take liquor. It starts to alter your body functioning.